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Helmet Mask (Kponyungo) & Helmet Mask: Janus (Wanyugo)





MMA Web Resources

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Timeline of Art History: "Helmet Mask <Senufo peoples; Côte d'Ivoire> (1978.412.311)". New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. (October 2006)

Other Web Resources

"Senufo Helmet Mask, kponyungo (EL 1980.02.01)". Purchase, N.Y.: Neuberger Museum of Art, 2005-. (June 2008)

"Helmet mask, kponyugu (1968.5.4)". Tulsa, Okla.: Philbrook Museum of Art, 200?-. (June 2008)

"Helmet mask (66.485)". Detroit: Detroit Institute of Arts, 200?-. (June 2008)

Published Resources

Links with shelf numbers refer to WATSONLINE, the online library catalog of the Museum. Photocopies of each source reference are available in the Goldwater Library. Certain electronic resources are accessible within the museum or with an approved remote connection.

  • Art of Côte d’Ivoire, From the Collections of the Barbier-Mueller Museum, Jean Paul Barbier, ed. Geneva, 1993. [O5F A78]
    • Vol. 1, “The Poro of the Senufo,” by Gilbert Bochet, pp. 54-85; and vol. 2, catalog entries for helmet masks, pp. 19-21, and bird sculpture, p. 31.
  • Breunig, Robert G. Animal, Bird and Myth in African Art. Phoenix, 1985. [O2 P57a]
    • p. vii.
  • Förster, Till. Die Kunst der Senufo, Museum Rietberg Zürich. Zürich, 19xx. [O2 Z965kun]
    • "Exkurs: Helmmasken ausserhalb des Poro," pp. 56-59; and pp. 74-75 on hornbill sculptures.
  • Glaze, Anita. “Hornbill (Gahariga),” In For Spirits and Kings: African Art from the Paul and Ruth Tishman Collection, Susan Vogel, ed. New York, 1981. [O2 N545f REF]
    • Pp. 36-7.
  • Goldwater, Robert. Senufo Sculpture from West Africa. New York, 1963. [O2 N55 no.7 REF]
    • Pp. 28, 96-101.
  • Preston, George Nelson. Africa Art Masterpieces. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1991. [O3 P93]
    • Pp. 108-9.
  • Roy, Christopher D. African Sculpture: The Stanley Collection. Iowa City, 1979. [O2 I65]
    • Pp. 44-5.
  • Roberts, Allen F. “Out on the Edge [selection],” In Animals in African Art: from the familiar to the marvelous. New York, 1995. [O3 R643]
    • Pp. 67-70.
  • Soderburg, B. “Porpianong, die Vogelskulpturen der Senufo,” Ethnos, Vol. 35 (1970), pp. 108-9. [A E845 v.35]

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